Chinese Public Holidays
China has 7 legal holidays in a year, including New Year’s Day, Spring Festival, Qingming Festival, May Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival and National Day. At the festivals, all Chinese people will be on vacation.
New Year’s Day (1 Jan, 1 day holiday)
In 46 B.C. the Roman emperor Julius Caesar first established January 1 as New Year’s Day. Caesar felt that the month named after the god of beginnings, hearths and gateways (“Janus”) would be the appropriate “door” to the year.
Spring Festival (Normally in Jan or Feb, 7 day’s holiday)
Spring Festival is often called “New Year” due to the lunar calendar used in Chinese history. According to this, it is the first day of the first lunar month, and marks the beginning of a year. This is often associated with the twelve animals of the Zodiac, with different animals being associated with the year in twelve yearly cycles.
Qingming Festival(5 April, 3 days holiday)
Tomb Sweeping Day is a traditional Chinese festival usually occurring around April 5 of Chinese calendar.
May Day (1 May, 3 days holiday)
A tradition has been costumed for many years. Labour Day marks a special celebration for the workers in China, offering them a holiday as a testament to their cause. This echo’s the American Labour day holiday which was legislated by Congress 100 years ago.
Dragon Boat Festival (5, Lunar May, 3 days holiday)
Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional and statutory holiday associated with Chinese and other East Asian and Southeast Asian societies as well. The festival occurs on the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar on which the Chinese calendar is based.
Mid-Autumn Festival(15, Lunar August, 3 days holiday)
The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival, Zhongqiu Festival, is a popular harvest festival celebrated by Chinese and Vietnamese people, dating back over 3,000 years to moon worship in China’s Shang dynasty.
The National Day (1 Oct, 7 days holiday)
The People’s Republic of China’s National Day was originated on October 1st, 1949. Taking place in the afternoon in the middle of Tian’anmen Square, one of the largest open spaces in Beijing, the holiday marks the first time the five star flag was raised. The ceremony took place in front of 300,000 people as Chairman Mao declared the founding of the PRC.