Lama Temple Beijing (Yonghegong), or Palace of Peace and Harmony Lama Temple or Yonghegong Lamsery, a renowned lama temple of the Yellow Hat Sect of Lamaism, is situated in the northeast part of Beijing city. Lama Temple was built in the 33 Qing Kangxi year and it is now the largest and best-preserved Lamasery of Yellwo Sect in Beijing.
Built in 1694, Yonghegong Lama Temple was originally the home of Qing Emperor Yongzheng before he became emperor. In 1723, Emperor Yongzheng contributed half of the grounds to the Tibetan monks of the Yellow (Geluk) sect and left the other half as his temporary palace residence. The Buddhist buildings in this peaceful complex are topped with ornately decorated, yellow roofs. Yellow was the imperial color of that time, which denotes the high status of this temple, a scaled-down imperial palace.
Besides the layout of the temple and the majestic decorations of the halls, the unique Buddhist relics in the temple are also worth to see.Lama Temple features five large halls and five courtyards with beautifully decorative archways, upturned eaves and carved details. It houses a treasury of Buddhist art, including sculptured images of gods, demons and Buddhas, as well as Tibetan-style murals. Lama Temple is regarded as the Buddhist Museum. Dalai and Panchen Lama who are the two living Buddha in Tibet once propagandized in the temple. As a religion stage, Lama Temple has its significant position in the aspects of religion, culture and national unity. It is a cultural relic in value of history, art and science.
500 Arhat Mountain in the Hall of Dharma Wheel(Falundian) is carved with rosewood,3 meters wide, 5 meter high and thirty centimeters thick. The Five-hundred-arhat Mountain is carved with rosewood, whicih is 3 meters wide, 5 meters high and 30 centimeters thick apporoximately. The five hundreds arhats is made of five metalsgold, siver copper, iron and tin-and it is one of “three masterpieces” of Lama Temple.
The huge wood-carved “Maidala Buddha” worshipped in the Ten-Thousan-Buddha Pavilion(Wanfoge) is 18 meters high, and 26 meters high all together if plus with the 8 meters buried under the earth. It is also one of the “three masterpieces” of Lama Temple. The building that houses this Buddha of the Future was erected after the statue was carved. If Maitreya looks shorter than 18 meters, it’s because part of the statue in underground, lest it topple over, especially since Beijing’s subway system rattles right underneath the temple. The rosewodd huge Buddha has been listed into the Guinnes World Record in 1990.